Normal Laboratory Values - Patient Test Charts

Normal Laboratory Values (Haematology Reference Values)

In the following tables, normal haematology reference values for commonly requested laboratory tests are listed in traditional units and in SI units. The tables are a guideline only. Values are method dependent and normal lab values may vary between laboratories.


 
Determination Normal Reference Value
  Conventional units SI units
Blood, Plasma or Serum
Ammonia (NH3) - diffusion 20-120 mcg/dl 12-70 mcmol/L
Ammonia Nitrogen 15-45 ΅g/dl 11-32 ΅mol/L
Amylase 35-118 IU/L 0.58-1.97 mckat/L
Anion gap (Na+-[Cl - + HCO3- ]) (P) 7-16 mEq/L 7-16 mmol/L
Antithrombin III (AT III) 80–120 U/dl 800–1200 U/L
Bicarbonate
Arterial 21–28 mEq/L 21–28 mmol/L
Venous 22–29 mEq/L 22–29 mmol/L
Bilirubin
Conjugated (direct) Total £ 0.2 mg/dl
&
0.1–1 mg/dl
£ 4 mcmol/L
&
2–18 mcmol/L
Calcitonin < 100 pg/ml < 100 ng/L
Calcium
Total 8.6–10.3 mg/dl 2.2–2.74 mmol/L
Ionized 4.4–5.1 mg/dl 1–1.3 mmol/L
 
Carbon dioxide content (plasma) 21–32 mmol/L 21–32 mmol/L
Carcinoembryonic antigen < 3 ng/ml < 3 mcg/L
Chloride 95–110 mEq/L 95–110 mmol/L
Coagulation screen
Bleeding time 3–9.5 min 180–570 sec
Prothrombin time 10–13 sec 10–13 sec
Partial thromboplastin time (activated) 22–37 sec 22–37 sec
Protein C 0.7–1.4 ΅/ml 700–1400 U/ml
Protein S 0.7–1.4 ΅/ml 700–1400 U/ml
Copper, total 70–160 mcg/dl 11–25 mcmol/L
Corticotropin (ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone) - 0800 hr < 60 pg/ml < 13.2 pmol/L
Cortisol
0800 hr 5–30 mcg/dl 138–810 nmol/L
1800 hr 2–15 mcg/dl 50–410 nmol/L
2000 hr £ 50% of 0800 hr £ 50% of 0800 hr
Creatine kinase
Female 20–170 IU/L 0.33–2.83 mckat/L
Male 30–220 IU/L 0.5–3.67 mckat/L
Creatinine kinase isoenzymes, MB fraction 0–12 IU/L 0–0.2 mckat/L
Creatinine 0.5–1.7 mg/dl 44–150 mcmol/L
Fibrinogen (coagulation factor I) 150–360 mg/dl 1.5–3.6 g/L
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
Female 2–13 mlU/ml 2–13 IU/L
Midcycle 5–22 mlU/ml 5–22 IU/L
Male 1–8 mlU/ml 1–8 IU/L
 
Glucose, fasting 65–115 mg/dl 3.6–6.3 mmol/L
Glucose Tolerance Test (Oral)
  (mg/dl) (mmol/L)
  Normal Diabetic Normal Diabetic
Fasting 70–105 > 140 3.9–5.8 > 7.8
60 min 120–170 ³ 200 6.7–9.4 ³ 11.1
90 min 100–140 ³ 200 5.6–7.8 ³ 11.1
120 min 70–120 ³ 140 3.9–6.7 ³ 7.8
(g) - Glutamyltransferase (GGT)
Male 9–50 units/L 9–50 units/L
Female 8–40 units/L 8–40 units/L
 
Haptoglobin 44–303 mg/dl 0.44–3.03 g/L
Hematologic Tests
Fibrinogen 200–400 mg/dl 2–4 g/L
Hematocrit (Hct)
female 36%-44.6% 0.36–0.446 fraction of 1
male 40.7%-50.3% 0.4–0.503 fraction of 1
Hemoglobin A 1C 5.3%-7.5% of total Hgb 0.053–0.075
Hemoglobin (Hb)
female 12.1–15.3 g/dl 121–153 g/L
male 13.8–17.5 g/dl 138–175 g/L
Leukocyte count (WBC) 3800–9800/mcl 3.8–9.8 x 109/L
Erythrocyte count (RBC)
female 3.5–5 x 106/mcl 3.5–5 x 1012/L
male 4.3–5.9 x 106/mcl 4.3–5.9 x 1012/L
 
Mean corpuscular volume (MCV) 80–97.6 mcm3 80–97.6 fl
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) 27–33 pg/cell 1.66–2.09 fmol/cell
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentrate (MCHC) 33–36 g/dl 20.3–22 mmol/L
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (sedrate, ESR) £30 mm/hr £30 mm/hr
Erythrocyte enzymes
Glucose-6 - Pphosphate dehydrognase (G-6-PD) 250–5000 units/106 cells 250–5000 mcunits/cell
Determination Reference Value
  (Conventional units) (SI units)
Blood, Plasma or Serum:

Ammonia (NH3) - diffusion



20–120 mcg/dl



12–70 mcmol/L
Ammonia Nitrogen 15–45 ΅g/dl 11–32 ΅mol/L
Amylase 35–118 IU/L 0.58–1.97 mckat/L
Anion gap (Na+-[Cl - + HCO3-]) (P) 7–16 mEq/L 7–16 mmol/L
Antithrombin III (AT III) 80–120 U/dl 800–1200 U/L
Bicarbonate: Arterial
Venous
21–28 mEq/L
22–29 mEq/L
21–28 mmol/L
22–29 mmol/L
Bilirubin: Conjugated (direct) Total £ 0.2 mg/dl
(0.1–1 mg/dl)
£ 4 mcmol/L
(2–18 mcmol/L)
Calcitonin < 100 pg/ml < 100 ng/L
Calcium: Total
  Ionized
8.6–10.3 mg/dl
4.4–5.1 mg/dl
2.2–2.74 mmol/L
1–1.3 mmol/L
Carbon dioxide content (plasma) 21–32 mmol/L 21–32 mmol/L
Carcinoembryonic antigen < 3 ng/ml < 3 mcg/L
Chloride 95–110 mEq/L 95–110 mmol/L
Coagulation screen:
Bleeding time
Prothrombin time
Partial thromboplastin time (activated)
Protein C
Protein S


3–9.5 min
10–13 sec

22–37 sec


0.7–1.4 ΅/ml
0.7–1.4 ΅/ml


180–570 sec
10–13 sec

22–37 sec


700–1400 U/ml
700–1400 U/ml
Copper, total 70–160 mcg/dl 11–25 mcmol/L
Corticotropin
(ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone) - 0800 hr
< 60 pg/ml < 13.2 pmol/L
Cortisol: 0800 hr
  1800 hr
  2000 hr
5–30 mcg/dl
2–15 mcg/dl
£ 50% of 0800 hr
138–810 nmol/L
50–410 nmol/L
£ 50% of 0800 hr
Creatine kinase: Female
  Male
20–170 IU/L
30–220 IU/L
0.33–2.83 mckat/L
0.5–3.67 mckat/L
Creatinine kinase isoenzymes, MB fraction 0–12 IU/L 0–0.2 mckat/L
Creatinine 0.5–1.7 mg/dl 44–150 mcmol/L
Fibrinogen (coagulation factor I) 150–360 mg/dl 1.5–3.6 g/L
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH):
Female
Midcycle
Male


2–13 mlU/ml
5–22 mlU/ml
1–8 mlU/ml


2–13 IU/L
5–22 IU/L
1–8 IU/L
Glucose, fasting 65–115 mg/dl 3.6–6.3 mmol/L
Glucose Tolerance Test (Oral)



Fasting
60 min
90 min
120 min
(mg/dl)
Normal Diabetic
70–105 > 140
120–170 ³ 200
100–140 ³ 200
70–120 ³ 140
(mmol/L)
Normal Diabetic
3.9–5.8 > 7.8
6.7–9.4 ³ 11.1
5.6–7.8 ³ 11.1
3.9–6.7 ³ 7.8
(g) -Glutamyltransferase (GGT):
Male
Female



9–50 units/L
8–40 units/L



9–50 units/L
8–40 units/L
Haptoglobin 44–303 mg/dl 0.44–3.03 g/L
 
Determination Reference Value
Conventional units SI units
Hematologic tests:
Fibrinogen


Hematocrit (Hct),
female
male
Hemoglobin A 1C

Hemoglobin (Hb),
female
male

Leukocyte count (WBC)


Erythrocyte count (RBC):
female
male

Mean corpuscular volume (MCV)
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH)



Mean corpuscular hemoglobin
concentrate (MCHC)



Erythrocyte sedimentation rate
(sedrate, ESR)



200–400 mg/dl




36%-44.6%
40.7%-50.3%
5.3%-7.5% of total Hgb




12.1–15.3 g/dl
13.8–17.5 g/dl

3800–9800/mcl




3.5–5 x 106/mcl
4.3–5.9 x 106/mcl

80–97.6 mcm3

27–33 pg/cell




33–36 g/dl




£30 mm/hr



2–4 g/L




0.36–0.446 fraction of 1
0.4–0.503 fraction of 1
0.053–0.075




121–153 g/L
138–175 g/L

3.8–9.8 x 109/L




3.5–5 x 1012/L
4.3–5.9 x 1012/L

80–97.6 fl

1.66–2.09 fmol/cell




20.3–22 mmol/L




£ 30 mm/hr
Erythrocyte enzymes:

Glucose-6 -
Pphosphate dehydrognase
(G-6-PD)


Ferritin
Folic acid: normal
Platelet count



Reticulocytes






Vitamin B12



250–5000 units/106 cells








10–383 ng/ml
>3.1–12.4 ng/ml
150–450 x 103/mcl



0.5%-1.5% of erythrocytes



223–1132 pg/ml



250–5000 mcunits/cell








23–862 pmol/L
7–28.1 nmol/L
150–450 x 109/L



0.005–0.015





165–835 pmol/L
Iron: Female
  Male
30–160 mcg/dl
45–160 mcg/dl
5.4–31.3 mcmol/L
8.1–31.3 mcmol/L
Iron binding capacity 220–420 mcg/dl 39.4–75.2 mcmol/L
Isocitrate dehydrogenase 1.2–7 units/L 1.2–7 units/L
Isoenzymes


Fraction 1


Fraction 2


Fraction 3


Fraction 4


Fraction 5
14%-26% of total


29%-39% of total


20%-26% of total


8%-16% of total


6%-16% of total
0.14–0.26 fraction of total
0.29–0.39 fraction of total
0.20–0.26 fraction of total
0.08–0.16 fraction of total
0.06–0.16 fraction of total
Lactate dehydrogenase 100–250 IU/L 1.67–4.17 mckat/L
Lactic acid (lactate) 6–19 mg/dl 0.7–2.1 mmol/L
Lead £ 50 mcg/dl £ 2.41 mcmol/L
Lipase 10–150 units/L 10–150 units/L
Lipids:
Total Cholesterol
Desirable


Borderline-high
High
LDL
Desirable


Borderline-high
High
HDL (low)
Triglycerides
Desirable


Borderline-high
High
Very high


< 200 mg/dl
200–239 mg/dl




> 239 mg/dl
< 130 mg/dl
130–159 mg/dl





> 159 mg/dl
< 35 mg/dl

< 200 mg/dl
200–400 mg/dl



400–1000 mg/dl
> 1000 mg/dl


< 5.2 mmol/L
< 5.2–6.2 mmol/L




> 6.2 mmol/L

< 3.36 mmol/L
3.36–4.11 mmol/L




> 4.11 mmol/L
< 0.91 mmol/L

< 2.26 mmol/L
2.26–4.52 mmol/L



4.52–11.3 mmol/L
> 11.3 mmol/L
Magnesium 1.3–2.2 mEq/L 0.65–1.1 mmol/L
Osmolality 280–300 mOsm/kg 280–300 mmol/kg
Oxygen saturation (arterial) 94%-100% 0.94 - fraction of 1
PCO2, arterial 35–45 mm Hg 4.7–6 kPa
pH, arterial 7.35–7.45 7.35–7.45
 
Determination Reference Value
Conventional units SI units
PO, arterial: Breathing room air
On 100% O
80–105 mm Hg
> 500 mm Hg
10.6–14 kPa
Phosphatase (acid), total at 37°C 0.13–0.63 IU/L 2.2–10.5 IU/L or
2.2–10.5 mckat/L
Phosphatase alkaline 20–130 IU/L 20–130 IU/L or
0.33–2.17 mckat/L
Phosphorus, inorganic, (phosphate) 2.5–5 mg/dl 0.8–1.6 mmol/L
Potassium 3.5–5 mEq/L 3.5–5 mmol/L
Progesterone
Female
Follicular phase
Luteal phase
Male


0.1–1.5 ng/ml
0.1–1.5 ng/ml
2.5–28 ng/ml
< 0.5 ng/ml


0.32–4.8 nmol/L
0.32–4.8 nmol/L
8–89 nmol/L
< 1.6 nmol/L
Prolactin 1.4–24.2 ng/ml 1.4–24.2 mcg/L
Prostate specific antigen
Protein: Total
Albumin
Globulin
0–4 ng/ml
6–8 g/dl
3.6–5 g/dl
2.3–3.5 g/dl
0–4 ng/ml
60–80 g/L
36–50 g/L
23–35 g/L
Rheumatoid factor < 60 IU/ml < 60 kIU/L
Sodium 135–147 mEq/L 135–147 mmol/L
Testosterone:
Female
Male


6–86 ng/dl
270–1070 ng/dl


0.21–3 nmol/L
9.3–37 nmol/L
Thyroid Hormone Function Tests:

Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
Thyroxine-binding globulin capacity
Total triiodothyronine (T3)
Total thyroxine by RIA (T4)
T3 resin uptake



0.35–6.2 mcU/ml
10–26 mcg/dl
75–220 ng/dl
4–11 mcg/dl
25%-38%



0.35–6.2 mU/L
100–260 mcg/L
1.2–3.4 nmol/L
51–142 nmol/L
0.25–0.38 fraction of 1
Transaminase, AST (aspartate aminotransferase, SGOT) 11–47 IU/L 0.18–0.78 mckat/L
Transaminase, ALT (alanine aminotransferase, SGPT) 7–53 IU/L 0.12–0.88 mckat/L
Transferrin 220–400 mg/dL 2.20–4.00 g/L
Urea nitrogen (BUN) 8–25 mg/dl 2.9–8.9 mmol/L
Uric acid 3–8 mg/dl 179–476 mcmol/L
Vitamin A (retinol) 15–60 mcg/dl 0.52–2.09 mcmol/L
Zinc 50–150 mcg/dl 7.7–23 mcmol/L
1 Age dependent
2 Infants and adolescents up to 104 U/L
3 Infants in the first year up to 6 mg/dl


 
Urine
Determination Reference Value
Conventional units SI units
Calcium 50–250 mcg/day 1.25–6.25 mmol/day
Catecholamines:

Epinephrine
Norepinephrine



< 20 mcg/day
< 100 mcg/day



< 109 nmol/day
< 590 nmol/day
Catecholamines, 24-hr < 110 ΅g < 650 nmol
Copper 15–60 mcg/day 0.24–0.95 mcmol/day
Creatinine:

Child
Adolescent
Female
Male



8–22 mg/kg
8–30 mg/kg
0.6–1.5 g/day
0.8–1.8 g/day



71–195 ΅mol/kg
71–265 ΅mol/kg
5.3–13.3 mmol/day
7.1–15.9 mmol/day
pH 4.5–8 4.5–8
Phosphate 0.9–1.3 g/day 29–42 mmol/day
Potassium 25–100 mEq/day 25–100 mmol/day
Protein

Total
At rest




1–14 mg/dL
50–80 mg/day




10–140 mg/L
50–80 mg/day
Protein, quantitative < 150 mg/day < 0.15 g/day
Sodium 100–250 mEq/day 100–250 mmol/day
Specific gravity, random 1.002–1.030 1.002–1.030
Uric acid, 24-hr 250–750 mg 1.48–4.43 mmol
1 Diet dependent.

 
Drug Levels*
Drug Determination Reference Value
Conventional units SI units
Aminoglycosides Amikacin
(trough)
(peak)
1–8 mcg/ml
1.7–13.7 mcmol/L
20–30 mcg/ml
34–51 mcmol/L
Gentamicin
(trough)
(peak)
0.5–2 mcg/ml
6–10 mcg/ml
1–4.2 mcmol/L
12.5–20.9 mcmol/L
Kanamycin
(trough)
(peak)
5–10 mcg/ml
20–25 mcg/ml
nd
nd
Netilimicin
(trough)
(peak)
0.5–2 mcg/ml
6–10 mcg/ml
nd
nd
Streptomycin
(trough)
(peak)
< 5 mcg/ml
5–20 mcg/ml
nd
nd
Tobramycin
(trough)
(peak)
0.5–2 mcg/ml
5–20 mcg/ml
1.1–4.3 mcmol/L
12.8–21.8 mcmol/L
 
Drug Determination Reference Value
Conventional units SI units
Antiarrhythmics Amiodarone 0.5–2.5 mcg/ml 1.5–4 mcmol/L
Bretylium 0.5–1.5 mcg/ml nd
Digitoxin 9–25 mcg/L 11.8–32.8 nmol/L
Digoxin 0.8–2 ng/ml 0.9–2.5 nmol/L
Disopyramide 2–8 mcg/ml 6–18 mcmol/L
Flecainide 0.2–1 mcg/ml nd
Lidocaine 1.5–6 mcg/ml 4.5–21.5 mcmol/L
Mexiletine 0.5–2 mcg/ml nd
Procainamide 4–8 mcg/ml 17–34 mcmol/ml
Propranolol 50–200 ng/ml 190–770 nmol/L
Quinidine 2–6 mcg/ml 4.6–9.2 mcmol/L
Tocainide 4–10 mcg/ml nd
Verapamil 0.08–0.3 mcg/ml nd
Anticonvulsants Carbamazepine 4–12 mcg/ml 17–51 mcmol/L
Phenobarbital 10–40 mcg/ml 43–172 mcmol/L
Phenytoin 10–20 mcg/ml 40–80 mcmol/L
Primidone 4–12 mcg/ml 18–55 mcmol/L
Valproic Acid 40–100 mcg/ml 280–700 mcmol/L
Antidepressants Amitriptyline 110–250 ng/ml 500–900 nmol/L
Amoxapine 200–500 ng/ml nd
Bupropion 25–100 ng/ml nd
Clomipramine 80–100 ng/ml nd
Desipramine 115–300 ng/ml nd
Doxepin 110–250 ng/ml nd
Imipramine 225–350 ng/ml nd
Maprotiline 200–300 ng/ml nd
Nortriptyline 50–150 ng/ml nd
Protriptyline 70–250 ng/ml nd
Trazodone 800–1600 ng/ml nd
Antipsychotics Chlorpromazine 50–300 ng/ml 150–950 nmol/L
Fluphenazine 0.13–2.8 ng/ml nd
Haloperidol 5–20 ng/ml nd
Perphenazine 0.8–1.2 ng/ml nd
Thiothixene 2–57 ng/ml nd
 
Drug Determination Reference Value
Conventional units SI units
Miscellaneous Amantadine
Amrinone
300 ng/ml
3.7 mcg/ml
nd
nd
Chloramphenicol 10–20 mcg/ml 31–62 mcmol/L
Cyclosporine 250–800 ng/ml
(whole blood, RIA)
50–300 ng/ml (plasma, RIA)
nd
nd
Ethanol 0 mg/dl 0 mmol/L
Hydralazine 100 ng/ml nd
Lithium 0.6–1.2 mEq/L 0.6–1.2 mmol/L
Salicylate 100–300 mg/L 724–2172 mcmol/L
Sulfonamide 5–15 mg/dl nd
Terbutaline 0.5–4.1 ng/ml nd
Theophylline 10–20 mcg/ml 55–110 mcmol/L
Vancomycin
   (trough)
   (peak)
5–15 ng/ml
20–40 mcg/ml
nd
nd
* The values given are generally accepted as desirable for treatment without toxicity for most patients. However, exceptions are not uncommon.
1 nd = No data available.
2 Parent drug plus N-desmethyl metabolite.
3 24–hour trough values.
4 Toxic: 50–100 mg/dl (10.9–21.7 mmol/L).

The following table is adopted from the Sixth Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure, National Institutes of Health.

 

Classification of Blood Pressure *
Category Reference value
Systolic (mm Hg) Diastolic (mm Hg)
Optimal < 120 and < 80
Normal < 130 and < 85
High-normal 130–139 or 85–89
Hypertension
Stage 1
Stage 2
Stage 3


140–159
160–179
³ 180


or
or
or


90–99
100–109
³ 110


* For adults age 18 and older who are not taking antihypertensive drugs and not acutely ill. When systolic and diastolic blood pressures fall into different categories, the higher category should be selected to classify the individual's blood pressure status. In addition to classifying stages of hypertension on the basis of average blood pressure levels, clinicians should specify presence or absence of target organ disease and additional risk factors.
1 Optimal blood pressure with respect to cardiovascular risk is below 120/88 m Hg. However, unusually low readings should be evaluated for clinical significance.
2 Based on the average of two or more readings taken at each of two or more visits after an initial screening.

 

IMPORTANT NOTES:
Each commercial laboratory has its own set of “normal” values, called “Normal Range” or “Reference Range” on your lab report. These values depend on the equipment or method used. Compare your results to the range shown on your lab report. Results that are “out of range” may not represent a problem. Your test results can be affected by several factors, including your age or gender, if you are pregnant, the time of day when the sample was taken, active infectons, stage of HIV disease, and food (some test samples need to be taken after you have fasted - not eaten anything - for several hours). Where normal values for men and women are different, they are indicated as W for women and M for men. Discuss “out of range” results with your health care provider.

The table below compares the units used in the United States with the "Systθme International d'Unitιs (SI units), a metric system used in many parts of the world. The last column, "To Convert US to SI Units," is the factor to multiply US lab values to convert them to SI units. To convert SI units to US units, divide the SI value by the conversion factor. See page 2 for a terminology list.
 
NORMAL LABORATORY VALUES


 
Laboratory Test Normal Range in US Units Normal Range in SI Units To Convert US to SI Units
ALT (Alanine aminotransferase) W 7-30 units/liter
M 10-55 units/liter
W 0.12-0.50 ΅kat/liter
M 0.17-0.92 ΅kat/liter
x 0.01667
Albumin 3.1 - 4.3 g/dl 31 - 43 g/liter x 10
Alkaline Phosphatase W 30-100 units/liter
M 45-115 units/liter
W 0.5-1.67 ΅kat/liter
W 0.75-1.92 ΅kat/liter
x 0.01667
Amylase (serum) 53-123 units/liter 0.88-2.05 nkat/liter x 0.01667
AST (Aspartate aminotransferase) W 9-25 units/liter
M 10-40 units/liter
W 0.15-0.42 ΅kat/liter
M 0.17-0.67 ΅kat/liter
x 0.01667
Basophils 0-3% of lymphocytes 0.0-0.3 fraction of white blood cells x 0.01
Bilirubin - Direct 0.0-0.4 mg/dl 0-7 ΅mol/liter x 17.1
Bilirubin - Total 0.0-1.0 mg/dl 0-17 ΅mol/liter x 17.1
Blood pressure Normal: 120/70 to 120/80 millimeters of mercury (mmHg). The top number is systolic pressure, when the heart is pumping. Bottom number is diastolic pressure then the heart is at rest. Blood pressure can be too low (hypotension) or too high (hypertension). No conversion
C peptide 0.5-2.0 ng/ml 0.17-0.66 nmol/liter x 0.33
Calcium, serum 8.5 -10.5 mg/dl 2.1-2.6 mmol/liter x 0.25
Calcium, urine 0-300 mg/24h 0.0-7.5 mmol/24h x 0.025
Cholesterol, total
Desirable
Marginal
High
 
239 mg/dL
6.18 mmol/liter
x 0.02586
Cholesterol, LDL
Desirable
Marginal
High
Very High

190 mg/dL

4.91 mmol/liter
x 0.02586
Cholesterol, HDL
Desirable
Moderate
Low (heart risk)

>60 mg/dL
40-60 mg/dL
 

>1.55 mmol/liter
1.03-1.55 mmol/liter
 
x 0.02586
Cortisol: serum 0-25 ΅g/dl (depends on time of day) 0-690 nmol/liter x 27.59
Cortisol: free (urine) 20-70 ΅g/dl 55-193 nmol/24h x 2.759
Creatine kinase W 40-150 units/liter
M 60-400 units/liter
W 0.67-2.50 ΅kat/liter
M 1.00-6.67 ΅kat/liter
x 0.01667
DHEA W 130-980 ng/dl
M 180-1250 ng/dl
W 4.5-34.0 nmol/liter
M 6.24-43.3 nmol/liter
x 0.03467
DHEA Sulfate W Pre-menopause: 12-535 ΅g/dl
W Post-menopause: 30-260 ΅g/dl
M 10-619 ΅g/dl
W Pre-menopause: 120-5350 ΅g/liter
W Post-menopause: 300-2600 ΅g/liter
M 100-6190 ΅g/liter
x 10
Eosinophils 0-8% of white blood cells 0.0-0.8 fraction of white blood cells x 0.01
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (Sed Rate) W<=30 mm/h
M<=20 mm/h
W<=30 mm/h
M<=20 mm/h
No conversion
Folate 3.1-17.5 ng/ml 7.0-39.7 nmol/liter x 2.266
Glucose, urine <0.05 g/dl <0.003 mmol/litro x 0.05551
Glucose, plasma 70-110 mg/dl 3.9-6.1 mmol/liter x 0.05551
GGT (Gamma glutamyl transferase) W <=45U/L
M <=65 U/L
W <=45U/L
M <=65 U/L
No conversion
Hematocrit W 36.0% - 46.0% of red blood cells
M 37.0% - 49.0% of red blood cells
W 0.36-0.46 fraction of red blood cells
M 0.37-0.49 fraction of red blood cells
x 0.01
Hemoglobin W 12.0-16.0 g/dl
M 13.0-18.0 g/dl
W 7.4-9.9 mmol/liter
M 8.1-11.2 mmol/liter
x 0.6206
LDH (Lactate dehydrogenase) (total) <=270 U/L <=4.5 ΅kat/liter x 0.016667
Lactic acid 0.5-2.2 mmol/liter 0.5-2.2 mmol/liter No conversion
Leukocytes (WBC) 4.5-11.0x103/mm3 4.5-11.0x109/liter No conversion
Lymphocytes 16%-46% of white blood cells 0.16-0.46 fraction of white blood cells x 0.01
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) 25.0-35.0 pg/cell 25.0-35.0 pg/cell No conversion
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) 31.0-37.0 g/dl 310-370 g/liter x 10
MCV (Mean corpuscular volume) W 78-102 ΅m3
M 78-100 ΅m3
 
W 78-102 fl
M 78-100 fl
No conversion
Monocytes 4-11% of white blood cells 0.04-0.11 fraction of white blood cells x 0.01
Neutrophils 45%-75% of white blood cells 0.45-0.75 fraction of white blood cells x 0.01
Phosphorus 2.5 – 4.5 mg/dL 0.81-1.45 mmol/L x 0.323
Platelets (Thrombocytes) 130 – 400 x 10 3΅L 130 – 400 x 10 9L No conversion
Potassium 3.4-5.0 mmol/liter 3.4-5.0 mmol/liter No conversion
RBC (Red blood cell count) W 3.9 – 5.2 x 106/΅L3
M 4.4 – 5.8 x 10 6/΅L3
 
W 3.9 – 5.2 x 1012/L
M 4.4 – 5.8 x 10 12/L
No conversion
Sodium 135-145 mmol/liter 135-145 mmol/liter No conversion
Testosterone, total (morning sample) W 6-86 ng/dl
M 270-1070 ng/dl
W 0.21-2.98 nmol/liter
M 9.36-37.10 nmol/liter
x 0.03467
Testosterone, free
Age 20-40

Age 41-60

Age 61-80


 

W 0.6-3.1,
M 15.0-40.0 pg/ml
W 0.4-2.5,
M 13.0-35.0 pg/ml
W 0.2-2.0,
M 12.0-28.0 pg/ml

W 20.8-107.5,
M 520-1387 pmol/liter
W 13.9-86.7,
M 451-1213 pmol/liter
W 6.9-69.3,
M 416-971 pmol/liter
x 34.67
Triglicerides (fasting)
Normal
Borderline
High
Very high

40-150 mg/dl
150-200 mg/dl
200-500 mg/dl
>500 mg/dl

0.45-1.69 mmol/liter
1.69-2.26 mmol/liter
2.26-5.65 mmol/liter
>5.65 mmol/liter
x 0.01129
Urea, plasma (BUN) 8-25 mg/dl 2.9-8.9 mmol/liter x 0.357
Urinalysis - pH
Specific gravity
5.0-9.0
1.001-1.035
5.0-9.0
1.001-1.035
No conversion
WBC (White blood cells, leukocytes) 4.5-11.0x10 3 /mm 3 4.5-11.0x10 9 liter No conversion

TERMINOLOGY:
UNITS:
gram : common measurement of weight. Used in this table: pg (picograms), g (grams), mg (milligrams), etc. per liter
katal (kat) : a unit of catalytic activity, used especially in the chemistry of enzymes. Used in this table: ΅kat (microkatals), nkat (nanokatals) per liter
micrometer (΅m) : a unit of length. Mean Corpuscular Volume is expressed in cubic micrometers
mole : also “gram molecular weight,” a quantity based on the atomic weight of the substance. Many test results in the Systθme Internationale are expressed as the number of moles per liter. In US units, these measurements are usually in grams per liter. Used in this table: mmol (millimoles), ΅mol, (micromoles), nmol (nanomoles), pmol (picomoles) per liter

Some units of measurement include the following fractions and multipliers:
mega (M) : 10 6 or x1,000,000
kilo (k) : 10 3 or x1,000
deca or deka : 10 1 or x10
deci (d) : 10 -1 or χ10
milli (m) : 10 -3 or χ1,000
micro (΅) : 10 -6 or χ1,000,000
nano (n) : 10 -9 or χ1,000,000,000
pico (p) : 10 -12 or χ1,000,000,000,000
Critical Laboratory Tests and Values
The Laboratory Calls The Following Abnormal Values:
All phone calls made to report critical values are documented in the Laboratory Information System. To comply with patient safety goals, the person taking the call must read back the patient’s name, the hospital number and all laboratory results.

Blood Bank Diagnostic Significant Values

The Pathology resident will notify the responsible physician in the following critical circumstances:
1.  Transfusion Reaction concerning any labeling errors, positive test results or if hematuria/hemoglobinuria is checked on the symptom sheet.
2.  If crossmatch compatible Red Blood Cells cannot be found.
3.  Culture positive blood products.
       
Blood Bank staff will notify the responsible physician:
1.  When Red Blood Cell antibodies are identified in a patient and the responsible physician has not ordered Red Blood Cells or the patient is having surgery.

 

 Chemistry
 
Less Than
Greater Than
Bilirubin, Total  
10.0 mg/dl for first 24 hrs
13.0 mg/dl for 1-30 days
Calcium
6.0 mg/dl
13.0 mg/dl
Carbon Dioxide
10 mEq/l
50 mEq/l
Cortisol
2.0 mcg/dl
 
Glucose (Adults)
50 mg/dl
450 mg/dl
Magnesium
1.0 mg/dl
4.7 mg/dl
Phosphorus
1.0 mg/dl
 
Potassium    Adults > 16 years
                  Peds (0-15 years)
2.8 mEq/l
3.0 mEq/l
6.2 mEq/l
6.5 mEq/l
Sodium
120 mEq/l
160 mEq/l


 

 

Critical Care
 
Less Than
Greater Than
Glucose        Adults
                   Peds
50 mg/dl
40 mg/dl
450 mg/dl
300 mg/dl
Hemoglobin
6.0 g/dl
22.0 g/dl
Hematocrit
18%
55%
Ionized Calcium
3.2 mg/dl
5.9 mg/dl
Blood Gases
   pH
   pCO2           Adults
                     Peds
   pO2             Art
                     Ven
 

7.20
20
20
40
20

7.60
70
55
 
Lactate (>16 years of age)   
4.0 mEq/L
Potassium    Adults > 16 years
                  Peds (0-15 years)
2.8 mEq/l
3.0 mEq/l
6.2 mEq/l
6.5 mEq/l
Sodium        Adults
                  Peds
120 mEq/l
120 mEq/l
160 mEq/l
155 mEq/l


 
Results Called on these Critical Drug Levels:
Test Name Greater Than
Acetaminophen 40 mcg/ml
Amikacin 35 mcg/ml
Amiodarone [Mailout - AMIO] 3.0 ug/ml
Amitriptyline/Nortriptyline Fractionation [Mailout - AMIT/NORT] 500 ng/ml
Bromide [Mailout - BRS] 300 mg/dl
Caffeine [Mailout - CAFF] 40.0 mcg/ml
Carbamazepine 12 mcg/ml
Carbamazepine Epoxide & Total [Mailout - CBZ-EP] 20.0 mcg/ml
Chlorpromazine [Mailout - CPRO] 500 ng/ml for adults
200 ng/ml for pediatrics
Clomipramine (Anafranil) [Mailout - CLOM] 900 ng/ml
Clonazepam [Mailout - CLON] 100 ng/ml
Clorazepate (assayed as Nordiazepam) [Mailout - CLOR] 2.5 mcg/ml
Cyanide - potentially toxic [Mailout - CYAN] 0.5 mg/l
Cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril) [Mailout - CYCLO] 100 ng/ml
Diazepam (Valium & Nordiazepam) [Mailout - DZP]
     Nordiazepam

2.50 mcg/ml
Digoxin 2.1 ng/ml for adults
Disopyramide [Mailout - DISO] 7.0 mcg/ml
Doxepin & Metabolite [Mailout - DOXE] 400 ng/ml
Ethanol/Volatiles Screen (EVS) 300 mg/dl
Ethosuximide [Mailout - ETHOS] 150 mcg/ml
Flecainide [Mailout - FLE] 1.5 mcg/ml
Gentamicin 15 mcg/ml
Glycols (Ethylene and Propylene) 10 mg/dl
Imipramine/Desipramine Fractionation [Mailout - IMIP/DESIP] 500 ng/ml
Lidocaine 5 mcg/ml
Lithium 1.4 mEq/l
Lorazepam [Mailout - LORAZ] 300 ng/ml
Methotrexate
     24 hours post infusion
     48 hours post infusion
     72 hours post infusion

10 Exp-5 molar
10 Exp-6 molar
10 Exp-7 molar
Mexiletine [Mailout - MEXIL 2.0 ug/ml (trough value)
Phenobarbital 60 mcg/ml
Phenytoin 40 mcg/ml
Primidone and Metabolite 12 mcg/ml
Procainamide 16 mcg/ml
Quinidine 5 mcg/ml
Salicylate 40 mg/dl (toxic)
Sulfonamides (Sulfas) [Mailout - SULFA] 20.0 mg/dl
Theophylline 20.0 mcg/ml
Tobramycin 10 mcg/ml
Trazodone (Desyrel) [Mailout - TRAZ] 3.2 mcg/ml
Valproic acid 150 mcg/ml
Vancomycin 50 mcg/ml
Warfarin [Mailout - WARF] 10.0 ug/ml


Hematology
Critical values will be called to every patient care area and clinic location in addition to the computer filing of results.

See the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Policy and Procedure Manual for Reporting of Critical Test Results.

 

 
Less Than
Greater Than
Fibrinogen
 80 mg/dl
 
Hematocrit
18%
55% (adult)
Hemoglobin
6 gm/dl
22 gm/dl (adult)
HIT (Heparin dependent antibody)
Results: Positive
INR (venous)  
6.0
Platelet Count
10 k/mm3
1,000 k/mm3
PTT (Outpatient only)
 
 50 seconds
White Blood Count (WBCT)
1.0 k/mm3
50.0 k/mm3


Microbiology
Critical or Significant values
: patient results are called to the physician or service area as soon as results are available.

1. Critical value patient results include:
    a. Positive direct examination from sterile body fluid/site
        1) Cerebrospinal fluid
        2) Joint fluid
        3) Pericardial fluid
        4) Pleural fluid
        5) Peritoneal fluid
    b. Positive blood culture (initial gram stain report)
    c. Positive Legionella pneumophila antigen (also page on-call epidemiologist)
    d. Positive Cryptococcus neoformans antigen

2. Significant patient results include:
    a. Positive STAT gram stain results
    b. Negative STAT gram stain results from the Operating Room
    c. Positive direct examination from intraoperative specimens
    d. Positive culture of sterile body fluid (Do not call identical result within 5 days)
        1) Cerebrospinal fluid
        2) Joint fluid
        3) Pleural fluid
        4) Pericardial fluid
        5) Peritoneal fluid
        6) Intraoperative body fluids
    e. Positive malaria smears
    f. Positive direct antigen tests
        1) Pneumocystis carinii
        2) Streptococcus agalactiae
        3) Clostridium difficile
        4) Cryptosporidium spp.
        5) Giardia lamblia
        6) Herpes Simplex (HSV)
        7) Varicella-Zoster (VZV)
        8) Rotavirus
        9) Respiratory viruses - Adenovirus, Influenza A and B, Parainfluenza 1,2,3 and Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
    g. Significant serology results
        1) Positive Lyme Serology confirmed by Western Blot
        2) Positive Toxo IgM confirmed by reference laboratory
    h. Epidemiology considerations (call to floor)
        1) Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
        2) Vancomycin-resistant enterococci
        3) Extended spectrum β-lactamases
    i. Epidemiology considerations (call floor and on-call epidemiologist pager)
        1) Acid-fast bacilli smear
        2) M. tuberculosis (culture or UHL PCR)
        3) Legionella pneumophila (urine antigen or growth from environmental culture)
        4) Neisseria meningitidis (CSF gram stains with gram negative diplococci or growth from normally sterile site)
        5) Category A bioterrorism agents (Bacillus anthracis, Yersinia pestis, Francisella tularensis, Clostridium botulinum toxin, Smallpox, Viral hemorrhagic fever)
    j. Culture or molecular detection of following organisms from any source:
       (If patient is from OB/GYN do not call results unless the organism is isolated from blood or normally sterile body fluids.)
        1) Streptococcus pyogenes
        2) Pathogenic Neisseria
        3) Virus culture
        4) Chlamydia, Herpes Simplex (HSV), or Enterovirus PCR
        5) Dimorphic fungi
    k. Positive ocular cultures (other than conjunctiva)
    l. Culture of stool pathogens
        1) Salmonella spp.
        2) Shigella spp.
        3) Campylobacter spp.
        4) Yersinia spp.
        5) Escherichia coli H7;O157
    m. Culture of potential bioterrorism agents
        1) Francisella tularensis
        2) Bacillus anthracis
        3) Brucella spp.
        4) Yersinia pestis
        5) Coccidiodes immitis


3. Calling Algorithm:
Follow Department of Pathology guidelines (500.020) entitled "Reporting Critical Tests and Critical Values." This policy defines authorized staff that may accept critical values and provides a detailed calling algorithm. The results must be "read back" by the authorized staff and the call documented in body of CERNER report using the CALL template.

For OB/GYN patients only smear or culture results from blood cultures and normally sterile body fluid specimens are phoned on a STAT basis.

Significant results called to physicians or service areas must be documented in a CALL report.


Ocular Pathology
Unexpected surgical pathology findings (such as unexpected malignancy or unexpected pathogen):  the pathologist will report findings to the contributing physician.  Verbal communication will be documented in the “Comments” section of the written report.

 

 

Special Care Nurseries
 
Less Than
Greater Than
Glucose
50 mg/dl
200
Hemoglobin
8.0 g/dl
22.0 g/dl
Ionized Calcium
3.0 mg/dl
6.5 mg/dl
Lactate   
5.0 mEq/L
Methemoglobin   
3%
Blood Gases
   pH
   
pCO2

7.25
30

7.65
70
Potassium
3.0 mEq/l
6.5 mEq/l
Sodium
130 mEq/l
155 mEq/l
Total Bilirubin   
>10.0 mg/dl for first 24 hrs
>13.0 mg/dl for 1-30 days

Blood test results, made possible by the taking of Blood tests, are one of the most important tools that your doctor uses in evaluating your health status. It is important to realize that your Blood test result may be outside of what is called the 'normal range' for many reasons. Blood tests, including various Blood chemistry and hematology 'Blood tests' offered by most test labs, represent an economical way by which quality information about a patient's physical condition, at the time of the Blood testing, can be made available to the physician. These Blood test results, after review and interpretation by a qualified Blood professional, play an important part in an overall diagnosis. Blood test results are important in Blood disorders in Blood tests and a Blood test with Rare Blood types. Blood test results are compared and measured in 'normal ranges' for a given population group. Low cost Blood tests, discount Blood testing and even free Blood tests are available and listed in your local community. Blood Test Results, Blood test.

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A large number of laboratory Blood tests are widely available. Many Blood tests are specialized to focus on a particular disease or group of diseases. Many different Blood tests are used commonly in many specialties and in general practice. Discount Blood testing Bloodmobile. Blood Test Results, Blood test.

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Because most Blood test reference ranges (often referred to as 'normal' ranges of Blood test results) are typically defined as the range of values of the median 95% of the healthy population, it is unlikely that a given Blood sample, even from a healthy patient, will show "normal" values for every Blood test taken. Therefore, caution should be exercised to prevent overreaction to mild abnormalities without the interpretation of those tests by your examining physician. Again, a Blood test, though important, is only a part of the final diagnosis of a health problem. Often, you can get your Blood tested at the Bloodmobile.

Physicians rely on "Blood-work," or clinical laboratory diagnostic Blood testing to diagnose medical conditions. From this Blood testing the medical professional then prescribes therapies and remedies, based on those Blood tests. Blood test results reveal Blood disorders in Blood tests and also with a Blood test with Rare Blood types. Good Blood tests make possible state-of-the-art lab procedures that can be provided directly to the public in private and these Blood tests can be provided affordably.

Some of the most common Blood test are: Blood Test Results, Blood test, rare Blood types, Blood disorders.

Allergy Blood Testing
Blood Tests for Autoimmune Diseases
Blood Diseases Testing
Cancer Detection Blood Testing
Blood Cholesterol Test
Diabetes Blood Tests
DNA, Paternity and Genetic Testing
Blood Tests for Drug Screening
Environmental Toxin Blood Testing
Fitness, Nutrition and Anti-Aging
Gastrointestinal Diseases Revealed by Blood Tests
Blood Testing for Heart Health
Hormones and Metabolism
Infectious Disease Blood Tests
Kidney Disease Blood Test
Liver Diseases Blood Testing
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD's) Blood Tests
Thyroid Disease Blood Tests

In the next paragraphs we will talk about categories of these Blood tests. Most Blood tests fall within one of two categories: screening or diagnostic.

Screening Blood tests are used to try to detect a disease when there is little or no evidence that a person has a suspected disease. For example, measuring cholesterol levels helps to identify one of the risks of heart disease. These screening tests are performed on people who may show no symptoms of heart disease, as a tool for the physician to detect a potentially harmful and evolving condition. In order for screening tests to be the most useful they must be readily available, accurate, inexpensive, pose little risk, and cause little discomfort to the patient. Coupons for DNA and Cancer Blood tests.

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Diagnostic Blood tests are utilized when a specific disease is suspected to verify the presence and the severity of that disease, including allergies, HIV, AIDS, Hepatitis, cancer, etc.

What is a Blood test? Blood tests are an essential diagnostic tool. Blood is made up of different kinds of cells and contains other compounds, including various salts and certain proteins. Blood tests reveal details about these Blood cells and, Blood compounds, salts and proteins

The liquid portion of the tested Blood is plasma. When our Blood clots outside the body, the Blood cells and some of the proteins in Blood turn into a solid. The remaining liquid is called serum, which can be used in chemical tests and in other Blood tests to find out how the immune system fights diseases. Doctors take Blood samples and grow the organisms, found in Blood tests, that cause illness, to evaluate each, microscopically.

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How is a Blood test carried performed? Blood samples taken for Blood testing can be taken either from a vein or from an artery. A few drops of Blood are needed, most of the time. It is often enough to take a small drop from the tip of your finger and then squeeze the Blood out for Blood testing. Most Blood tests are taken from a vein (veins carry Blood FROM the heart,) most often from those veins near the elbow. First a tourniquet is tied around the upper arm to make the vein easy to find and take the Blood for the Blood test.

The place where the injection is to take place is then made sterile and then a hollow needle is put into the vein. The needle will be attached either to a Blood test sample bottle or to a syringe where the plunger is pulled back to create low negative pressure. When the needed amount of Blood for testing has been removed from the vein, the needle is removed. The area is then re-cleaned and pressure is placed on the area with a small ball of cotton. This is pressed against the area for a couple of minutes before applying a bandage. Blood test results are important in Blood disorders in Blood tests and a Blood test with Rare Blood types. Blood tests are relatively painless.

Platelet testing is a Blood test that is often used by doctors. First lets define platelets. Platelets are very small cells in the Blood. These clump together at places where injury to Blood vessels occur. They are the basis of the Blood clot that normally forms when the skin is broken.

A Blood test revealing a low platelet count can make us vulnerable to bleeding, sometimes even without an injury that we see. Some of the causes of a low Blood platelet count include autoimmune diseases, where the effected individual produces an antibody to his or her own platelets, chemotherapy, leukemia, viral infections and some medicines. High numbers of platelets make an individual more vulnerable to Blood clotting. High Blood platelet counts are always found where a condition involving bone marrow such as leukemia, cancer and other Blood borne conditions that are revealed by Blood test results.

Pharmacy shelves are stocked with do-it-yourself home tests for Blood glucose, Blood cholesterol paternity tests and pregnancy tests. OraSure Technologies Inc., makes and sells a 20-minute, at-home test that screens for two HIV strains using a swab device that tests saliva.

No Blood test is completely accurate all of the time. Sometimes a test result is incorrectly abnormal in a person who does not have the suspected disease (a false-positive result). Sometimes a test result is incorrectly normal in a person who has the disease (a false-negative result). Tests are rated in terms of their sensitivity (the probability that their Blood testing results will be positive when a disease is present) and their specificity (the probability that their test results will be negative when a disease is not present). A very sensitive test is unlikely to miss the disease in people who have it, however, it may falsely indicate disease in healthy people. Blood test results are important in Blood disorders in Blood tests and a Blood test with Rare Blood types. A very specific test is unlikely to indicate disease in healthy people. Although, it may miss the disease in some who have it. Problems with sensitivity and specificity can be largely overcome by using several different Blood tests.

Because your physician can not always be sure whether or not the reported result of a particular test from a particular person is false or true, a person with an abnormal result may often need to be re-tested or undergo a different type of testing. Links to Free Blood tests and Free Blood testing click here.

Normal test result values are expressed as a reference range, which is based on the average values in a healthy population; 95% of healthy people have values within this range. These values vary somewhat among laboratories, due to methodology and even geography. Blood tests and Blood testing methods and quality vary widely in different parts of the world and in different parts of many countries, due to characteristics in the population, both racial Blood differences and ethnic Blood characteristics, among other factors.  Free Cord Blood testing at the Bloodmobile.

American Blood laboratories use a different version of the metric system than does most of the rest of the world, which uses the Systeme Internationale (SI). In some cases translation between the two systems is easy, but the difference between the two is most pronounced in the measurement of chemical concentration. The American system generally uses mass per unit volume, while SI uses moles per unit volume. Since mass per mole varies with the molecular weight of the substance being analyzed, conversion between American and SI units requires many different conversion factors.

Keep in mind that there are three Blood test "normal ranges."

Normal Range Results
The results of virtually all Blood tests ordered in North America are compared to "normal ranges" as provided on a "Lab Results Report."  If your tests indicate that you are within the normal range, you are most often considered normal. A "normal" Blood test result does not necessarily mean that you are healthy. The problem with these lies in how "normal ranges" are determined at that particular Blood testing laboratory.
 

Population Best/Optimum Ranges
In our opinion, every Blood test result must be compared to Blood test result scores other than the accepted lab "norms." Your potential statistical best possible Blood test ranges must be considered. These Blood test range "best" results should interpreted considering your physiology and unique biochemistry such as your height your weight, age, gender, health history since childhood. Further, the inter-relationship with your other blood test scores must be considered. One imbalance often causes another. Blood test range scores outside your unique Blood test range results can be affected by sleep, diet, exercise, medicines, and vitamin supplements.
 

Your Personal Norms
Your Blood test score, chronicled over time, will vary by few points, one way or the other. These Blood test results, considering
sleep, diet, exercise, medicines, and vitamin supplements, etc. will most certainly vary. Each person on any given day has their own set of Blood test results.

Consider your gas mileage in your car. If reviewed over time, each time you fill up and record your gas mileage, it varies. The car is the same, the driver is the same, the gas is the same, but the mileage, from fill-up to fill-up varies. We recommend periodical Personal Blood Testing.

 Your personal norms must be considered over time. Each individual has his or her own unique personal Blood test normal range, best for you. Remember, if you do not get Blood tests, and if you do not keep track of them, and if you do not have them available to your doctor, You will not know and can not use your normal Blood test range. Free Blood testing at the Bloodmobile.
 

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The following Blood Test Reference Range Chart is presented in the "American Metric" format (exceptions as noted.) View Measurements section HERE.

BLOOD TEST REFERENCE RANGE CHART

Test

Reference Range (conventional units*)

17 Hydroxyprogesterone (Men) 0.06-3.0 mg/L
17 Hydroxyprogesterone (Women) Follicular phase 0.2-1.0 mg/L
25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) 8-80 ng/mL
Acetoacetate <3 mg/dL
Acidity (pH) 7.35 - 7.45
Alcohol 0 mg/dL (more than 0.1 mg/dL normally indicates intoxication) (ethanol)
Ammonia 15 - 50 ΅g of nitrogen/dL
Amylase 53 - 123 units/L
Ascorbic Acid 0.4 - 1.5 mg/dL
Bicarbonate 18 - 23 mEq/L (carbon dioxide content)
Bilirubin Direct: up to 0.4 mg/dL
Total: up to 1.0 mg/dL
Blood Volume 8.5 - 9.1% of total body weight
Calcium 8.5 - 10.5 mg/dL (normally slightly higher in children)
Carbon Dioxide Pressure 35 - 45 mm Hg
Carbon Monoxide Less than 5% of total hemoglobin
CD4 Cell Count 500 - 1500 cells/΅L
Ceruloplasmin 15 - 60 mg/dL
Chloride 98 - 106 mEq/L
Complete Blood Cell Count (CBC) Tests include: hemoglobin, hematocrit, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, mean corpuscular volume, platelet count, white Blood cell count
Please click each to view an individual test value.
Copper Total: 70 - 150 ΅g/dL
Creatine Kinase (CK or CPK) Male: 38 - 174 units/L
Female: 96 - 140 units/L 
Creatine Kinase Isoenzymes 5% MB or less
Creatinine 0.6 - 1.2 mg/dL
Electrolytes Test includes: calcium, chloride, magnesium, potassium, sodium
Please click each to view an individual test value.
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR or Sed-Rate) Male: 1 - 13 mm/hr
Female: 1 - 20 mm/hr
Glucose Tested after fasting: 70 - 110 mg/dL
Hematocrit Male: 45 - 62%
Female: 37 - 48%
Hemoglobin Male: 13 - 18 gm/dL
Female: 12 - 16 gm/dL
Iron 60 - 160 ΅g/dL (normally higher in males)
Iron-binding Capacity 250 - 460 ΅g/dL
Lactate (lactic acid) Venous: 4.5 - 19.8 mg/dL
Arterial: 4.5 - 14.4 mg/dL
Lactic Dehydrogenase 50 - 150 units/L
Lead 40 ΅g/dL or less (normally much lower in children)
Lipase 10 - 150 units/L
Zinc   B-Zn 70 - 102 ΅mol/L
Lipids:
   Cholesterol Less than 225 mg/dL (for age 40-49 yr; increases with age)
   Triglycerides 10 - 29 years   53 - 104 mg/dL
30 - 39 years   55 - 115 mg/dL
40 - 49 years   66 - 139 mg/dL
50 - 59 years   75 - 163 mg/dL
60 - 69 years   78 - 158 mg/dL
   >  70 years   83 - 141 mg/dL
Liver Function Tests Tests include bilirubin (total), phosphatase (alkaline), protein (total and albumin), transaminases (alanine and aspartate), prothrombin (PTT)
Please click each to view an individual test value.
Magnesium 1.5 - 2.0 mEq/L
Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH) 27 - 32 pg/cell
Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) 32 - 36% hemoglobin/cell
Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV) 76 - 100 cu ΅m
Osmolality 280 - 296 mOsm/kg water
Oxygen Pressure 83 - 100 mm Hg
Oxygen Saturation (arterial) 96 - 100%
Phosphatase, Prostatic 0 - 3 units/dL (Bodansky units) (acid)
Phosphatase 50 - 160 units/L (normally higher in infants and adolescents) (alkaline)
Phosphorus 3.0 - 4.5 mg/dL (inorganic)
Platelet Count 150,000 - 350,000/mL
Potassium 3.5 - 5.0 mEq/L
Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) 0 - 4 ng/mL (likely higher with age)
Proteins:
   Total 6.0 - 8.4 gm/dL
   Albumin 3.5 - 5.0 gm/dL
   Globulin 2.3 - 3.5 gm/dL
   
Prothrombin (PTT) 25 - 41 sec
Pyruvic Acid 0.3 - 0.9 mg/dL
Red Blood Cell Count (RBC) 4.2 - 6.9 million/΅L/cu mm
 
Sodium 135 - 145 mEq/L
Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH) 0.5 - 6.0 ΅ units/mL
Transaminase:
   Alanine (ALT) 1 - 21 units/L
   Aspartate (AST) 7 - 27 units/L
   
Urea Nitrogen (BUN) 7 - 18 mg/dL
BUN/Creatinine Ratio 5 - 35
Uric Acid Male    2.1 to 8.5 mg/dL (likely higher with age)
Female    2.0 to 7.0 mg/dL (likely higher with age)
Vitamin A 30 - 65 ΅g/dL
WBC (leukocyte count and white Blood cell count) 4.3-10.8 Χ 103/mm3
White Blood Cell Count (WBC) 4,300 - 10,800 cells/΅L/cu mm
*Please visit our measurement and abbreviation pages.

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BODY SURFACE AREA CALCULATOR
 

(weight (kg) x 0.425) x (height (cm) x 0.725)

     

139.315


IDEAL BODY WEIGHT CALCULATOR
 
     Male: 50 Kg + (# inches > 5 ft x 2.3)
 
     Female: 45.5 Kg + (# inches > 5 ft x 2.3)